A World History

Graham Drake's Timeline to 1717

Updated 11-Apr-2012


Visit Graham's welcome page at www.drakesvision.com


The dates and consequences listed below:-
are predominantly based on things I've seen on TV documentaries
and thought Mmmm... along with the occasional kind contribution from my readers,
and the odd bit of research that I've followed up on, as I add links that offer me a deeper understanding of Stuff
(I don't agree with all the outside web information that I've linked to)
which hopefully validates my attempts at questioning how we got to where we are.

While there are many other independent views of time,
I have avoided comparing, or pinching, their data as it defeats the object of my explorations,
although any help in correcting, or adding to, the following list would be appreciated.

15 Billion BC
  Something Happened.

4.567 Billion BC

 

The Sun, a star, was born (give or take a few millennium).

4.557 Billion BC
  Earth's creation.

800,000,000 BC

 

Complex eukaryotes.

570,000,000 BC

 

Trilobites.

425,000,000 BC

 

Plants.

65,000,000 BC
  Cataclysmic event.

64,000,000 BC

 

Dinosaurs demised.

6,000,000 BC

 

Elephants / Mammoths.

4,200,000 BC

 

Upright humanoids.

3,600,000 BC
  Laetoli Footprints.

3,200,000 BC

 

Human fossil "Lucy", Ethiopia.

2,600,000 BC

 

Tool fragments, Olduvi Gorge, Serengeti.

1,500,000 BC

 

Homo Erectus.

1,420,000 BC

 

Fireside charred bones.

1,000,000 BC

 

Homo Sapiens, Danakil skull.

780,000 BC
  Earth's polarity reversed.
700,000 BC
  Homo Archanthropus living in 'Petralona' Cave, Greece.

500,000 BC

 

Homo Heidleburgensis - Altameras, Europe.

500,000 BC

 

Boxgrove Man, Chichester, England.

400,000 BC

 

Wooden spears at Schoningen, Germany.

300,000 BC

 

Speech, via hypoglossal canal?

300,000 BC

 

Notched bones in Bilzingsleben, Germany.

250,000 BC

 

Flint hand axe, with fossil decoration.

230,000 BC

 

Pontnewydd Cave occupied, Denbighshire, Wales.

125,000 BC

 

Obsidian tools in Eritrea.

125,000 BC

 

Water levels similar to 20th Century levels.

120,000 BC

 

Burials.

100,000 BC

 

10,000 people on the the earth?

80,000 BC

 

Sea levels drop.

74,000 BC

 

Malaysian Stone Tools Factory.

74,000 BC

 

Toba, Volcanic Eruption.

43,114 BC   A Mayan Calandar Cycle

40,000 BC

 

Mammoth skin tents, Moldova, Russia.

37.989 BC   Mayan Calandar Cycle
35,000 BC
 

Inhabitants of Arnhem Land, northern Australia, using red ochre.

33,000 BC

 

Castelmerle Beads factory, division of labour,
working with mammoth ivory and soapstone (Dordogne).

32,864 BC   Mayan Calandar Cycle
30,500 BC
  Star chart on mammoth ivory.
30,000 BC
  The Mask of La Roche-Cotard.
30,000 BC
  The Venus of Willendorf coated in red ochre.

28,000 BC

 

Cave Painting (Lascaux, France).

28,000 BC

 

Vindija cave, Croatia.

28,000 BC

 

Carved Sculpture, Lowenmensch, Germany.

28,000 BC

 

Neanderthal extinct?

27.739 BC   Mayan Calandar Cycle

24,500 BC

 

Lapedo child buried on Iberian Peninsular (red ochre).

24,000 BC

 

Red Lady of Paviland buried in Wales, UK (red ochre).

24,000 BC

 

Dolni Vestonice, Stone Venus figurines,
weaving, basket work, Mammoth Ivory.

23,000 BC

 

Pechmel cave Art.

22,614 BC   Mayan Calandar Cycle
20,000 BC   Franchthi Cave (Greece) inhabited
20,000 BC
  Time markings on bone.

18,000 BC

 

Water levels rising.

18,000 BC

 

Mas D'Azil (French Pyrenees Cave).

17,489 BC   Mayan Calandar Cycle
13,000 BC
 

Berber civilization in Moroccan Western Sahara.

12.364 BC   Mayan Calandar Cycle

11,500 BC

 

South American Skull.

10,500 BC

 

Pesse canoe, Holland.

10,000 BC

 

Sheep in central Asia.

10,000 BC   Sahara Desert fertile.

9,000 BC

 

Ice Age ends.

9,000 BC
  Neolithic settlement at Göbekli Tepe, Anatolia.

9,000 BC

 

Agriculture in Palestine.

8,950 BC

 

Inca -9 sun.

8,239 BC   Mayan Calendar Cycle

8,150 BC

 

Inca -8 sun.

8,000 BC

 

'Freshwater' Black Sea, 100 mtrs below '20th Century AD' levels.

8,000 BC
  Wall built at Jericho.

8,000 BC

 

Asikli Hoyuk, Turkey, multi-level dwellings, Obsidian.

8,000 BC

 

Wheat, pigs, goats and cattle.

8,000 BC

 

Accounts, Tokens (clay balls).

8,000 BC

 

Chinese Pottery.

7,350 BC

 

Inca -7 sun.

7,300 BC
  Jericho abandoned.

7,300 BC

 

Kennewick Man, Pacific North West America.

7,000 BC

 

Mummies buried near Arica, northern Chile.

7,000 BC

 

Catal Hoyuk room paintings, Turkey.

6,550 BC

 

Inca -6 sun.

6,500 BC

 

Biblical 'Adam' born?

6,500 BC

 

Copper in use in Eastern Anatolia.

6,500 BC
  English Channel formed.

6,000 BC

 

Australian 150 Mtr. floods (Rainbow Snake).

5,750 BC

 

Inca -5 sun.

5,700 BC

 

Enoch travels abroad?

5,600 BC

 

Freshwater in Black Sea replaced by Saltwater flood (Noah?).

5,000 BC

 

Bone flutes in Chinese ritual burials.

5,000 BC

 

Mynydd Rhiw Axe Factory, Aberdaron, Wales.

4,950 BC

 

Inca -4 sun.

4,713 BC

 

Julian Calendar begins, Noon 1 January.

4,500 BC

 

Start of Neolithic Period.

4,150 BC

 

Inca -3 sun.

4,004 BC

 

Archbishop Ussher date for creation of universe 'Anno Mundi'.

4,000 BC

 

Revised Masonic calendar for date of creation 'Anno Lucis'.

4,000 BC

 

Chinese using silk.

4,000 BC
  Walled City of Hamoukar inhabited.

4,000 BC

 

Ur, Mesopotamia, founded.

4,000 BC

 

Ötzi (Oetzi) Tyrolean 'Ice Man' dies (Frozen Mummy with Copper Axe).

3,800 BC

 

Civilization in Malta.

3,761 BC

 

Jewish date for world Creation, AM, anno mundi, 7th Oct.

3,500 BC   Mummification in use in Saharan Libya, Uan Muhuggiag.

3,500 BC

 

Wheel shown on pictogram, Samaria.

3,500 BC

 

Epic of Gilgamesh, Sumeria.

3,500 BC
  Neolithic monuments at Thornborough (Orion's Belt).

3,350 BC

 

Inca -2 sun.

3,300 BC   Export of Obsidian from the volcanic island of Milos

3,200 BC

 

Sumerian two wheeled cart.

3,200 BC

 

Karnak, Thebes (Luxor).

3,200 BC

 

Newgrange, Ireland.

3,114 BC

 

Start of Mayan Calendar, August 11. (Cycle ends December 2012 AD).

3,050 BC

 

Canaanite Byblos in Phoenicia (Lebanon/Cannaa)(Tribe of Adam's Son, Cain ?)
using pottery, copper, bronze, glass and tin alloy.

3,000 BC

 

Minoan Crete trading with Egypt.

3,000 BC

 

Sumerian base-60 mathematical formula.

3,000 BC

 

Sumer and Egypt using arched Harp.

2,950 BC

 

Stonehenge Ditch dug.

2,925 BC

 

Menes, first king of the 1st Egyptian Dynasty, Memphis.

2,900 BC

 

Four Wheeled cart pottery (Szigetszentmarton, Hungary).

2,850 BC

 

Writing on Papyrus.

2,800 BC

 

Sepulchral Iconography at step pyramid burial of King Djoser, 3rd Dynasty.

2,700 BC

 

Maes Howe, Orkneys, Scotland.

2,613 BC

 

Phoenicians trading with 3rd Dynasty Egypt.

2,600 BC
  Water conduits in use under Troy.

2,589 BC

 

Snefru, first King of the Egyptian 4th Dynasty, dies.

2,550 BC

 

Inca -1 sun.

2,576 BC

 

Khufu unites Egypt.

2,570 BC

 

Great Pyramid of Cheops.

2,520 BC

  Beaker people inhabit 'Fortress' near Lisbon.

2,500 BC

 

Egyptian Book of the Dead.

2,500 BC

 

Pyramids (Orion's Belt).

2,400 BC
  Big Stones at Stonehenge erected (Copper weapons).
2,300 BC
  Amesbury Archer buried.

2,300 BC

 

Mesopotamian maps.

2,200 BC

 

Worldwide climate change, leading to drought.

2,100 BC

 

Ziggurat at Ur built.

2,000 BC

 

Xinjiang, northwest China, Caucasian mummies.

2,000 BC

 

Greeks, no arch.

2,000 BC

 

Bronze Age Civilization disappears on Malta.

2,000 BC

 

Akkadian language replaces Sumerian
but Sumerian writing remains in use, for Sacred Literature.

1,953 BC

 

Beginning of the Chinese calendar, March 5.

1,780 BC

 

Babylonian texts controlling alcohol, Hammurabi.

1,750 BC

 

Inca 1st sun.

1,700 BC

 

Earthquake devastates Greece.

1,700 BC

 

Eruption of the 'Vesuvius' volcano destroys Avellino, in Italy.

1,628 BC

 

Santorini volcano (Thera, Greece, Atlantis) destroys Minoan Crete.

1,595 BC   Babylon is sacked by Hittites.

1,595 BC

 

Rise of Mycenaean Greeks.

1,539 BC

 

Ahmose, 18th Dynasty, The New Kingdom.

1,500 BC
  The Rig Veda in use in India.

1,500 BC

 

Aryans invade India, four-part caste system introduced.

1,458 BC

 

Thutmose III, King of Egypt, takes Megiddo, passing easily through Cannae.

1,410 BC
  Joseph interprets dream for Thutmose IV.

*1,390 BC

 

Amenhotep III, King of Egypt.

*1,353 BC

 

Amenophis IV, Egyptian King, becomes Akhnaton (Moses/Oedipus?).

*1,340 BC

 

Akhnaton founds new capital, AkhtAton (the City of Horizon), Tel-El-Amarna,

*1,323 BC   Tutankhamun died,
   

*David M. Rohl theory puts these dates nearer millennium

1,300 BC

 

Treasury of Atreus, Tomb of Agamemon, Beehive Tomb, no Arch.

1,290 BC

 

Seti 1st, Egyptian Pharaoh, died.

1,213 BC   Ramesses II died.

1,200 BC

 

Greek Dark Ages begin.

1,200 BC

 

I Ching divination in use in China.

1,175 BC   Philistines arrived in Canaan
1,110 BC   Phoenicians establish a colony at Gades (modern-day Cadiz, Spain)

1,079 BC

 

Egyptian Year of the Hyena - tough times.

1,078 BC   Moses leads 'One God' Tribes out of Egypt?

1,059 BC

 

Cataclysmic event leading to 18 years of distress in Europe.

1,000 BC

 

Egyptians using Blue Lotus, Opium, Cocaine, Cannabis, Nicotine and Silk.

980 BC

 

Saul became King of Hebrews, Tribe of Benjamin ?

970 BC

 

Biblical David becomes King of Judah (Hebron Valley), while Ishbaal (Saul's Son) ruled as 'King' over the Hebrews’ northern kingdom, Israel ?

970 BC

 

Hiram becomes Phoenician King (Tyre).

960 BC

 

Biblical David becomes King of Judah/Israel and moves to Jerusalem,
then abdicates yet maintains control ?

959 BC

 

Biblical Solomon becomes King of Judah/Israel ?

958 BC

 

Hiram begins building Biblical Temple, at Jerusalem, for Solomon.

950 BC

 

Inca 2nd sun.

940 BC

 

Queen of Sheba (Yemen) gives birth to King Solomon's child?

936 BC

 

Hiram, King of Tyre, dies.

925 BC

 

Sacking of Jerusalem by Shishak (Ramesses II?).

922 BC   Solomon dies?
918 BC   Jeroboam, King of 10 Tribes (Israel), Rehoboam, King of 2 (Judah\Benjamin).

900 BC

 

Homer writes Iliad and Odyssey.

880 BC   Samaria becomes the new Capital of Israel.
874 BC   Elijah executes 450 prophets of Baal.

868 BC

 

Assyria extracts tribute from Judah and Phoenician cities.

842 BC

 

King Ahaziah, of Judah, dies at Megiddo.

814 BC   Carthage founded by Phoenician settlers.

776 BC

 

Shoshenk 1st, Pharaoh of Egypt.

776 BC

 

1st Olympic Games.

747 BC
  Nabonassar becomes King of Assyria (AN - Anno Nabonassari - Ptolomy).

745 BC

 

Assyria creates standing army.

732 BC
  Israel overrun by Assyrians, Refugees flee to Judah.
701 BC
  Assyrian army, under the ruler Sennacherib, lays siege to Jerusalem.
700 BC
  King Hezekiah builds water conduits under Jerusalem, Isaiah.
700 BC
  Hindu philosophy evolving.

700 BC

 

British Iron Age.

664 BC

 

Sacking of Thebes (Valley of Kings) by the Assyrians.

662 BC

 

'Julian Calendar' date for founding of Rome.

657 BC   Kypselos controls Corinth

640 BC

 

Spartans subdue Messenians.

623 BC

 

Brahman Buddha Gotama (Siddhatta) born.

621 BC
  King Josiah of Judah purges the Temple in Jerusalem, of 'pagan' influences.
616 BC
  King Josiah of Judah reads from Deuteronomy.

612 BC

 

Fall of Assyrian Nineveh to Chaldeans, Babylon, Biblical Jonah.

609 BC

 

King Josiah of Judah dies at Megiddo.

604 BC

 

Jerusalem attacked by Nebuchadrezzar II.

600 BC
  Etruscans on Lemnos, Greece.

597 BC

 

Jerusalem occupied by Nebuchadrezzar II.

587 BC

 

Temple at Jerusalem destroyed by Nebuchadrezzar II.

586 BC

 

Start of Babylonian exile for Jews.

580 BC
  Birth of Lao-tsu, Founder of Taoism.

569 BC

 

Pythagoras born, Samos, Greece.

562 BC   Genesis composed.
552 BC   Temple of Artemis\Diana built at Ephesus (third wonder of the world).

551 BC

 

Confucius born in Shantung Province, China.

539 BC

 

Persia controls Babylon, Phoenicia, Palestine, Syria & Cyprus.

538 BC

 

Cyrus II allows selected exiled Jews to return to Jerusalem,
after producing a charter, on the rights of nations.

522 BC
  Darius the Great takes stronghold of Tigra, in Armenia.

520 BC

 

Building of the second Temple at Jerusalem starts.

516 BC

 

End of Babylonian exile for those who saw Jerusalem as home.

515 BC

 

Darius the Great founds Persian 'Persepolis' on prehistoric settlement.

515 BC

 

Second Temple completed, driven by Prophets Haggai & Zechariah.

503 BC   'Phoenician' Carthage makes an alliance with 'Rome'.

500 BC

 

Roman semicircular Arch.

480 BC

 

Battles of Thermopylae and Salamis.

458 BC
  Ezra sent to govern Jerusalem (5 Books of the Torah).
450 BC
  Polyclitus introduces symmetria into Sculpture.

445 BC

 

Nehemiah sees Jerusalem’s walls built.

432 BC
  Meton introduces his Lunar calendar in Athens.
432 BC
  The Parthenon, Athens, completed.
418 BC   Sparta defeat Athens in the Battle of Mantinea.

400 BC

 

Fall of Theseus' Athens, Sophocles.

400 BC

 

The Cynic movement founded.

399 BC

 

Socrates dies, Athens, Greece.

398 BC

 

Ezra leads last Jews from Babylonia to Jerusalem.

377 BC

 

Hippocrates dies.

373 BC
  Helike submerged, Greece.

360 BC

 

Plato writes The Republic.

350 BC

 

Aristotle writes on Metaphysics.

336 BC   King Philip II of Macedonia dies.

333 BC

 

Alexander the Great wins 'Battle of Issus', Turkey.

330 BC

 

Alexander sacks Persepolis.

323 BC

 

Alexander dies, Ptolemaic dynasty begins.

300 BC

 

Euclid in Alexandria, Egypt (Arabian Text).

300 BC

 

The Stoic movement founded in Athens, by Zeno of Citium (Cyprus).

270 BC

 

Epicuras dies.

267 BC

 

Ctesibius invents clockwork timepiece, with Cuckoo.

240 BC   Halley's comet reported in China.

238 BC

 

Decree of Canopus for Ptolemy Euergetes.

235 BC

 

Ptolomy III establishes a 'Great Library' at Alexandria.

230 BC

 

Aristarchus of Samos died, after proposing heliocentric cosmos.

221 BC   Magnetic compass in use in China.

221 BC

 

Building of Great Wall of China begins.

218 BC

 

Hannibal crosses the Alps with elephants.

212 BC

 

Archimedes dies.

200 BC   'Jesus ben Sirach' compiles his Ecclesiaticus.
200 BC
  Parchment in use at Pergamum, Turkey.

190 BC

 

'Rosetta Stone' ordered by Ptolemy V Epiphanes.

169 BC

 

Antiochus IV Epiphanes plunders 'The Temple' at Jerusalem.

167 BC

 

'Antiochus IV' offers sacrifice to 'Zeus' in 'The Temple'.

166 BC
  Maccabean Revolt 'Hanukkah' puts 'The Temple' back in 'Jewish' control.
164 BC   Halley's comet recorded on Babylonian 'Cuneiform' Tablets.

150 BC

 

Inca 3rd sun.

130 BC

 

Septuagint completed.

120 BC

 

Hipparchus dies.

87 BC

 

Clockwork timepiece, Antikythera.

86 BC   Halley's comet.

73 BC

 

Spartacus leads a slave's rebellion.

63 BC

 

Roman Army's invasion of Judea (Pompey).

55 BC

 

Julius Caesar attempts an invasion of Britain.

54 BC

 

Crassus plunders 'The Temple' in Jerusalem.

54 BC

 

'Julius Caesar' fails to invade Britain.

46 BC

 

'Julian' Calendar standardized.

44 BC

 

'Gaius Julius Caesar' assassinated (March 15th).

41 BC

 

Cleopatra sails into Tarsus, to meet 'Mark Antony'.

37 BC

 

Herod the Great, ruler of Judaea.

31 BC

 

Cleopatra and Mark Anthony die.

20 BC

 

Philo Judaeus born (Greek-speaking 'Jewish' philosopher).

19 BC   Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro) died.
11 BC   Halley's comet.

7 BC

 

Jesus, of Nazareth, born.

4 BC

 

Herod 'the Great' dies, at Jericho.

9 AD

 

Arminius (Teutonic) defeats Romans in battle, in the Teutoburg Forest.

14 AD
  'Augustus Gaius Julius Octavius' died.
23 AD
  Pliny the Elder born.
29 AD
  John the Baptist begins his ministry
32 AD
  Crucifixion of Jesus.

34 AD

 

John the Baptist beheaded by Herod Antipas (Salome).

37 AD

 

'Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus' (Caligula) became Roman Emperor.

43 AD

 

Emperor Claudius invades England.

44 AD

 

St. James of Compostela murdered (James the Great),
Apostle, brother of John the Evangelist, son of Zebedee.

48 AD

 

Fire ravages Library at Alexandria.

60 AD

 

Boudicca (Boadicea) revolts against Romans.

64 AD
  Roman Emperor, Nero, persecutes Christians.
66 AD
  Halley's comet.

68 AD

 

James the Less (Just) murdered, son of Joseph, Brother of Jesus.

70 AD

 

Herod's Temple at Jerusalem destroyed.

79 AD

 

'Vesuvius' volcano destroys Pompeii, Italy.

93 AD
  Josephus writes his Jewish Antiquities.
100 AD
  Christians using variants of the Didache.
110 AD
  Ignatius of Antioch died.

120 AD

 

Roman author Tacitus dies.

126 AD
  The 3rd version of the Pantheon, Rome, completed.

126 AD

 

Hadrian's Wall completed.

141 AD
  Halley's comet.

150 AD

 

Claudius Ptolemaeus writes his 'Almagest'.

167 AD

 

'Marcus Aurelius Antoninus' writes The Meditations.

203 AD
  Galen died.
218 AD
  Halley's comet.

250 AD

 

Plotinus writes 'The Six Enneads'.

250 AD

 

Origen dies.

286 AD

 

St. Alban martyred in England.

295 AD
  Halley's comet.
321 AD
 

Arius excommunicated.

325 AD

 

Council of Nicaea establishes 'Christian' dogma.

328 AD

 

Emperor Constantine moves from Rome to Byzantium, Constantinople.

347 AD
  Halley's comet.

365 AD

 

Earthquake at Alexandria.

381 AD
 

Second General Council, at Constantinople.

391 AD

 

Theophilus destroys 'Pagan' Serapeum, in Alexandria.

397 AD

 

Augustine of Hippo begins writing his 'Christian Doctrine'.

400 AD
  Talmud Yerushalmi compiled.

403 AD

 

Sulpicius Severus writes his Chronica.

406 AD

 

Jerome completes his 'Vulgate' Bible.

406 AD

 

Barbarians (Huns, Vandals, Goths) cross the Rhine, at Mainz.

451 AD
  Halley's comet.

455 AD

 

Gaiseric the Vandal sacks Rome - European Dark Ages begin.

461 AD
  Bishop Patrick dies in Ireland.

500 AD

 

Battle of Mons Badonicus, Britons v Germanic foederati.

530 AD
  Halley's comet.

532 AD

 

Justinian begins work on his Hagia Sophia.

533 AD

 

'Patriarch of Antioch' makes reference to Dionysius the Areopagite.

539 AD

 

'Thomas of Wendover' describes Comet impact.

540 AD
  Dionysius Exiguus died.

541 AD

 

Plague spreads through Europe.

549 AD
 

Last chariot races in Rome's Circus Maximus.

565 AD

 

St. Columba arrives in Scotland.

570 AD

 

Muhammad born.

597 AD

 

St. Augustine Converts 'Kingdom of Kent' to Christianity.

607 AD
  Halley's comet.

614 AD

 

Persians capture Jerusalem.

622 AD

 

The Islamic Era (AH, Anno Hegirae) begins.

642 AD

 

Arab invasion of Alexandria.

650 AD   Inca 4th sun, leads to prophesy of 800 years of war.

664 AD

 

The Synod of Whitby settles Easter date.

684 AD
  Halley's comet.

691 AD

 

Dome on the Rock built in Jerusalem.

717 AD
  Leo III becomes Byzantine Emperor, in Constantinople.

720 AD

 

Beowulf composed.

731 AD

 

Venerable Bede completes his Historia ecclesiastica.

732 AD
  Battle of Tours halts the Islamic\Muslim army's advances into Europe.
760 AD
  Halley's comet.
760 AD
  Tibetan Book of the Dead.

787 AD

 

Second General Council of Nicea.

793 AD

 

'Vikings' attack Holy Island, Northumbria.

800 AD

 

Exceptional cold period, tree rings.

837 AD
  Halley's comet.

865 AD

 

'Viking' invasion of England.

890 AD

 

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle compiled, by Alfred the Great.

907 AD
  Wenceslas born, near Prague, Bohemia.
912 AD
  Halley's comet.
989 AD
  Halley's comet.
1,002 AD
  Saxon King Aethelred married Emma, Duke Richard of Normandy's Sister.
1,017 AD
  Viking King Canute married Aethelred's widow, Emma.

1,039 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,042 AD
  Emma's Son, Edward the Confessor, became 'King of England'.
1,054 AD
  Supernova (Crab Nebula) recorded in China\Arabia
1,054 AD
 

The Pope excommunicates the Patriarch of Constantinople.

1,066 AD
  Halley's comet.

1,066 AD

 

William, Duke of Normandy defeats Harold Godwinson at Hastings.

1,086 AD

 

Domesday Book completed.

1,091 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,093 AD

 

Saint Anselm founds a Priory in Chester, England.

1,095 AD

 

First Crusade begins.

1,099 AD

 

Crusaders take Jerusalem.

1,120 AD

 

Templars on Temple Mount.

1,123 AD

 

Omar Khayyam died.

1,140 AD

 

Gothic Architecture, at St. Denis, Paris.

1,143 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,145 AD
  Halley's comet.
1,154 AD
  The Book of Roger completed.
1,154 AD
  Henry II becomes 'King of England'.

1,170 AD

 

Murder of Thomas Becket.

1,187 AD

 

Saladin take Jerusalem.

1,191 AD
  Richard The Lionheart massacres the Saracens at Acre (3rd Crusade).

1,195 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,200 AD

 

Famine in Cairo.

1,204 AD

 

'Roman Christians' subdue 'Orthodox Christians' in Constantinople.

1,209 AD

 

Pope Innocent III orders the 'Cistercian' Albigensian Crusade.

1,215 AD

 

King John signs Magna Carta.

1,222 AD
  Halley's comet.
1,226 AD   Giovanni Francesco Bernardone died (St. Francis of Assisi).

1,227 AD

 

Genghis Khan dies.

1,227 AD

 

'Thomas Aquinas' begins his Summa Theologica.

1,229 AD

 

The Council of Toulouse.

1,231 AD

 

Pope Gregory IX appoints the 'Papal Inquisitors'.

1,247 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,250 AD
 

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, died.

1,260 AD
  Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis, became ruler of the Mongol empire.
1,272 AD
  Roger Bacon publishes his Compendium philosophiae.
1,277 AD
 

Zahir Baybars poisoned himself.

1,291 AD

 

Templars lose Acre, last foothold in Holy Land.

1,295 AD
  Marco Polo returns to Venice.

1,299 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,300 AD

 

Apex of 9, Sienna.

1,301 AD
  Halley's comet.

1,306 AD

 

All 'Jews' in France arrested.

1,307 AD

 

All Templars in France arrested, Friday the 13th.

1,313 AD

 

Pope Clement V issues a 'Papal Bull' abolishing the 'Templar' organisation.

1,314 AD

 

Dante publishes La Divina Commedia.

1,325 AD

 

Foundation of Tenochtitlan (the Aztec capital).

1,327 AD

 

Edward III becomes 'King of England'.

1,327 AD

 

Meister Eckhart died.

1,328 AD

 

'Renaud le Contrefait' writes about Tarot Cards.

1,337 AD
  Giotto died.
1,346 AD
  The Battle of Creçy.

1,347 AD

 

Black death (plague) strikes Europe from China.

1,347 AD

 

'William of Ockham' died (Occam's razor).

1,348 AD

 

Order of the Garter established.

1,350 AD

 

Clockwork planetary tracking of 7 planets.

1,351 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,376 AD
  'Tarot cards' are forbidden in Florence
1,378 AD
  Halley's comet.

1,382 AD

 

Black death strikes again.

1,384 AD

 

John Wycliffe died (Lollardism).

1,390 AD

 

Chaucer's 'The Canterbury Tales' published in English.

1,390 AD
  Masonic 'Old Charges' written down (Regius Manuscript).

1,395 AD

 

A second Wycliffe Bible published in English.

1,403 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,428 AD

 

Start of the Aztec Empire.

1,431 AD
 

Joan of Arc burned at the stake.

1,434 AD
  Jan Van Eyck paints the Arnolfini Wedding Portrait.
1,438 AD
  Brunelleschi's Cupola completed.

1,438 AD

 

Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, (Peru/Chile)
meets bearded man with staff and conch shell.

1,446 AD

 

Rosslyn Chapel founded (Biblical 'Temple' reproduction).

1,450 AD

 

Gutenberg and Fust publish first printed German Bible.

1,450 AD
  Cooke Manuscript published.

1,450 AD

 

Inca 5th sun.

1,451 AD

 

Ottoman 'Sultan Mohammed II' takes Constantinople.

1,455 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,455 AD
  Fra Angelico died.
1,456 AD
  Halley's comet.
1,469 AD
  Cosimo de' Medici died.

1,469 AD

  Guru Nanak born, Founder of 'Sikhism'.

1,478 AD

 

'Pope Sixtus IV' authorizes 'Spanish Inquisition'.

1,482 AD

 

Torquemada becomes the head of 'The Inquisition', a Dominican.

1,485 AD

 

Caxton prints 'Malory's' Le Morte D'arthur.

1,492 AD

 

All 'Jews' in Spain expelled.

1,492 AD

 

'Moorish' Alhambra despoiled by 'Spanish' recapture.

1,492 AD
  Piero della Francesca died.

1,492 AD

 

Columbus sails across the Atlantic.

1,495 AD

  George Ripley died.
1,497 AD
  Bonfire of the Vanities, in Florence.
1,499 AD
  Marsilio Ficino died.
1,506 AD
  Andrea Mantegna died.

1,507 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,507 AD
  Martin Waldseemuller produces a world globe, including America.

1,509 AD

 

Erasmus writes his Praise of Folly.

1,510 AD
  Sandro Botticelli died.
1,512 AD
  'Michelangelo' adorns the Sistine Chapel (Biblical 'Temple' reproduction).
1,512 AD
  Copernicus proposes that "the earth revolves around the sun".
1,513 AD
 

King James IV of Scotland died, Battle of Flodden.

1,516 AD

 

Sir Thomas More publishes his Utopia.

1,516 AD
  Hieronymus Bosch died.

1,517 AD

 

The Ninety-five Theses, by Martin Luther, printed.

1,519 AD
  Leonardo Da Vinci died.
1,520 AD
  Raffaello Sanzio died.

1,521 AD

 

Spanish destruction of Aztec power.

1,522 AD

 

Sultan Suleiman 1, the Magnificent, attacks Rhodes
against the 'Knights Hospitallers of the Order of St. John'.

1,522 AD

 

Martin Luther publishes a 'New Testament', in German.

1,528 AD

 

Tyndale publishes 'the Obedience'.

1,528 AD

 

Albrecht Durer dies.

1,530 AD

 

'Sir Thomas More' persecutes Heretics, in England.

1,531 AD
  Halley's comet.

1,532 AD

 

Spanish destruction of Inca power.

1,532 AD

 

'Niccolo Machiavelli' writes The Prince.

1,533 AD
  'Cornelius Agrippa' publishes Three Books of Occult Philosophy.

1,533 AD

 

Thomas Cranmer promotes a 'Book of Common Prayer'.

1,534 AD
  Act of Supremacy makes Henry VIII head of 'Church of England'.

1,535 AD

 

Myles Coverdale prints 'Tyndale's' English 'New Testament'.

1,536 AD

 

Paracelsus publishes 'Der grossen Wundartzney'.

1,540 AD

 

Henry VIII abolished 'Orders of Chivalry'.

1,540 AD
  The "Great Bible" translation revised.
1,540 AD
  Organised horse racing on the Roodee at Chester, UK

1,540 AD

 

John Calvin publishes first of his Commentaries.

1,543 AD

 

Bibliander translation of the Qur'an published.

1,543 AD

 

Copernicus proposes a 'new' Earth\Sun\Cosmos theory.

1,543 AD
  'Spanish Inquisition' begins burning 'Protestants' at the stake.

1,546 AD

 

Socinianism introduced.

1,553 AD
  Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burned at the stake.
1,553 AD
  Mary I crowned Queen of England.

1,558 AD

 

Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England.

1,559 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,559 AD

 

Guido de Bres writes the 'Belgic Confession'.

1,560 AD

 

Geneva Bible published.

1,563 AD
  'John Foxe' publishes his Book of Martyrs.

1,564 AD

 

'John Dee' publishes his Monas hieroglyphica.

1,564 AD

 

Shakespeare born.

1,564 AD
 

Michelangelo Buonarroti died.

1,566 AD

 

Nostradamus died.

1,569 AD
  Pieter Bruegel, the Elder, died.
1,572 AD
  John Knox died.
1,576 AD
  Titian died.

1,582 AD

 

Gregorian Calendar.

1,586 AD
  William Camden publishes his Britannia.

1,592 AD

 

'Pope Clement VIII' issues revised Vulgate Bible.

1,594 AD
  Palestrina died.
1,596 AD
  Sir Francis Drake died.
1,597 AD
  Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of Shrewsbury, moved into Hardwick Hall.
1,597 AD
  'James VI of Scotland' writes on Dæmonologie.

1,599 AD

 

Scottish 'Masonic' records, Mary's Chapel.

1,600 AD
  Kepler moves to Prague.
1,601 AD
 

Tycho Brahe died.

1,602 AD

 

Schaw Statutes published.

1,603 AD

 

James VI of Scotland becomes 'James 1'st, of England'.

1,603 AD

 

Francis Bacon Knighted.

1,604 AD

 

Robert Cawdrey publishes the first 'English' dictionary.

1,605 AD
  'Cervantes' publishes Don Quixote (part 1)
1,605 AD
  Gunpowder Plot (Guy Fawkes).
1,607 AD
  Halley's comet.

1,608 AD

 

Arminius wrote his Declaration of Sentiments.

1,609 AD
  'Emperor Rudolf II' allows 'freedom of religion' in Bohemia.

1,610 AD

 

Thomas Harriot uses telescope to map the moon.

1,610 AD
  Caravaggio died.
1,610 AD
  Jean Beguin publishes his textbook of chemistry.

1,611 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,611 AD

 

The King James version of 'The Bible' published.

1,614 AD

 

The Fama Fraternitatis published (Account of the Brotherhood).

1,616 AD

 

Copernicus 'Sun' theory outlawed.

1,618 AD
  Sir Walter Raleigh executed.

1,618 AD

 

30 year war begins, the Heretics, Truth should prevail.

1,620 AD

 

Charles I becomes King of England.

1,620 AD

 

First colony in New England (Pilgrims).

1,624 AD
  Jakob Böhme died.

1,626 AD

 

Sir Francis Bacon writes 'The New Atlantis'.

1,628 AD

 

William Harvey published his Exercitatio anatomica.

1,628 AD
  Petition of Right exhibited to 'Charles 1st of England'.
1,634 AD
  Simon Stevin, Holland, proves Gravity.

1,640 AD

 

Isaac Newton born.

1,640 AD
  Peter Paul Rubens died.

1,640 AD

 

'Short' and 'Long' Parliaments, in England.

1,641 AD

 

Irish Rebellion.

1,641 AD

 

Masonic Initiation for Sir Robert Moray, Newcastle.

1,642 AD

 

Galileo died, the telescope proved 'Ptolomy' wrong.

1,642 AD

 

English 'Civil War' begins.

1,645 AD

 

First meeting of the 'Invisible College'.

1,646 AD

 

Masonic 'Initiation' for Elias Ashmole, Warrington.

1,648 AD

 

Eighty Years War ended in Europe.

1,650 AD

 

Descartes died, 'I think, therefore I am'.

1,652 AD
  Inigo Jones died.

1,653 AD

 

Pascal employed his 'arithmetical triangle'.

1,656 AD
  'Diego Velazquez' completes Las Meninas.

1,658 AD

 

Oliver Cromwell died.

1,660 AD

 

Plague eradicated in Europe.

1,660 AD

 

Charles II proclaimed 'King of England'.

1,660 AD

 

Royal Society of London founded.

1,661 AD
  Louis XIV (The Sun King) becomes ruler of France.

1,662 AD

 

Royal Society granted Charter, by Charles II.

1,663 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,665 AD
  'Robert Hooke' published his Micrographia.

1,665 AD

 

Publication of the first Philosophical Transactions, as a periodical.

1,666 AD
  Frans Hals died.
1,669 AD
  Rembrandt van Rijn died.

1,667 AD

 

John Milton publishes 'Paradise Lost'.

1,667 AD
  Jonathan Swift born.

1,672 AD

 

'John Bunyan' publishes The Pilgrims Progress.

1,675 AD
  Jan Vermeer died.
1,682 AD
  Halley's comet.

1,686 AD

  The Glorious Revolution begins.

1,686 AD

 

Newton publishes his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

1,689 AD

  'William and Mary' sign Declaration of Rights and become joint Monarchs.

1,690 AD

  Battle of the Boyne.

1,690 AD

 

'John Locke' publishes his Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

1,692 AD
  Glen Coe Massacre.
1,697 AD
  First 'Service' in Wren's St. Paul's Cathedral.
1,697 AD
  'Giovanni Antonio Canal' (Canaletto) born.
1,698 AD
  A man with an iron mask was imprisoned in the Bastille.

1,700 AD

 

William Congreve completes 'The Way of the World'.

1,707 AD

 

'English' and 'Scottish' Parliaments united.

1,712 AD
  Peter the Great moved the Russian capital to St. Petersburg.
1,712 AD
  The transaction at Auchensaugh.
1,714 AD
  First recorded 'Masonic Minutes' of the 'Grand Lodge of York'.

1,715 AD

 

Aztec 2-Reed year.

1,717 AD

 

Voltaire imprisoned in the Bastille, because of his satirical writings.

1,717 AD
 

Some London Freemasons organised the 'Grand Lodge of England'.

1,717 AD
  The Bangorian Controversy precipitated, by Benjamin Hoadly.

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